A Recommendation Agent for Health Products Recommendation Using Dimensionality Reduction and Prediction Machine Learning Techniques

Mehrbakhsh Nilashi, Othman Ibrahim, Hossein Ahmadi, Leila Shahmoradi, Sarminah Samad, Karamollah Bagherifard


In the current business practice, recommender agents are widely used in e-commerce domain to actively recommend the right items to online users. Traditional Collaborative Filtering (CF) recommender systems are developed based on single ratings which are used to match similar users based on their past ratings. Although these types of recommender systems have been successfully implemented in healthcare context, however the use of multi-criteria CF for health product recommendation has been rarely explored. The aim of this paper is to propose a new recommendation method based on multi-criteria CF to enhance the predictive accuracy of recommender systems in healthcare domain using clustering, dimensionality reduction and prediction machine learning methods. To do so, we develop a knowledge-based system to predict the users’ overall assessment value of health products using Mamdani’s fuzzy inference technique. Accordingly, we used Classification and Regression Trees (CART) to discover the fuzzy rules to be used in the fuzzy rule-based technique. To improve the recommendation accuracy of proposed multi-criteria CF, we apply a clustering technique and ensembles of fuzzy rule-based prediction models. We also use a robust dimensionality reduction technique, Higher Order Singular Value Decomposition (HOSVD), to find the similar users and products in each cluster to solve the sparsity issue.  We test the accuracy of recommendation method on two health products datasets with three criteria, Product Brand, Product Price and Product Quality, crawled from the online health products stores. Our experiments confirm that the proposed method can be a promising and effective intelligent system for healthcare products recommendation.



Business, Web Personalization, Health Product, Recommender Systems, Clustering, Collaborative Filtering

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