Introducing a Green Agile Workforce

Somaieh Alavi, Seyedmehdi Mirmohammadsadeghi


Nowadays, with the increase in business complexity of and competition, organizations are looking to agility of business. In addition, the increasing negative effects of environmental damages on human quality of life have led organizations to pay special attention to environmental issues in addition to agility. The prerequisite for achieving organizational agility with an emphasis on achieving environmental standards is the presence of the green agile workforce that besides enjoying agility characteristics, has environmental concerns. The present study attempts to introduce the green agile workforce’ behaviors.


Agile Workforce, Green Workforce, Green agile workforce

Full Text:



Ahmad, S. (2015). Green human resource management: Policies and practices. Cogent business & management, 2(1), 1030817.

Alavi, S., Abd. Wahab, D., Muhamad, N., & Arbab Shirani, B. (2014). Organic structure and organisational learning as the main antecedents of workforce agility. International Journal of Production Research, 52(21), 6273-6295.

Alavi, S., & Wahab, D. A. (2013). A review on workforce agility. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, 5(16), 4195-4199.

Alavi, S., Wahab, D. A., & Muhamad, N. (2010). Exploring the relation between organizational learning and knowledge management for improving performance. Paper presented at the 2010 International Conference on Information Retrieval & Knowledge Management (CAMP).

Apalia, E. (2017). Effects of discipline management on employee performance in an organization: The case of county education office human resource department, Turkana County. International Academic Journal of Human Resource and Business Administration, 2(3), 1-18.

Arulrajah, A. A., Opatha, H., & Nawaratne, N. (2015). Green human resource management practices: A review. Sri Lankan Journal of Human Resource Management, 5(1).

Aryanasl, A., Ghodousi, J., Arjmandi, R., & Mansouri, N. (2016). Can excellence management models encompass “cleaner production” and “sustainable business” revolution?(European Foundation for Quality Management as a case study). International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 13(5), 1269-1276.

Asadi, S., Nilashi, M., Safaei, M., Abdullah, R., Saeed, F., Yadegaridehkordi, E., . . . Recycling. (2019). Investigating factors influencing decision-makers’ intention to adopt Green IT in Malaysian manufacturing industry. 148, 36-54.

Asadi, S., Pourhashemi, S. O., Nilashi, M., Abdullah, R., Samad, S., Yadegaridehkordi, E., . . . Razali, N. S. J. J. o. c. p. (2020). Investigating influence of green innovation on sustainability performance: A case on Malaysian hotel industry. 120860.

Asadi, S., & Saedi, A. (2016). Decision makers intention for adoption of Green Information Technology. Paper presented at the 2016 3rd International Conference on Computer and Information Sciences (ICCOINS).

Barbieri, N., & Consoli, D. (2019). Regional diversification and green employment in US metropolitan areas. Research Policy, 48(3), 693-705.

Chen, Z., & Pak, M. (2017). A Delphi analysis on green performance evaluation indices for ports in China. Maritime Policy & Management, 44(5), 537-550.

Daily, B. F., Bishop, J. W., & Massoud, J. A. (2012). The role of training and empowerment in environmental performance. International Journal of operations & production management.

Daily, B. F., & Huang, S.-c. (2001). Achieving sustainability through attention to human resource factors in environmental management. International Journal of operations & production management, 21(12), 1539-1552.

Dalvi-Esfahani, M., Alaedini, Z., Nilashi, M., Samad, S., Asadi, S., & Mohammadi, M. J. J. o. c. p. (2020). Students’ green information technology behavior: Beliefs and personality traits. 257, 120406.

Doz, Y. (2020). Fostering strategic agility: How individual executives and human resource practices contribute. Human Resource Management Review, 30(1), 100693.

Fallahpour, A., Olugu, E. U., Musa, S. N., Khezrimotlagh, D., & Wong, K. Y. (2016). An integrated model for green supplier selection under fuzzy environment: application of data envelopment analysis and genetic programming approach. Neural Computing and Applications, 27(3), 707-725. doi:10.1007/s00521-015-1890-3

Fallahpour, A., Udoncy Olugu, E., Nurmaya Musa, S., Yew Wong, K., & Noori, S. (2017). A decision support model for sustainable supplier selection in sustainable supply chain management. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 105, 391-410. doi:

Gunasekaran, A., Yusuf, Y. Y., Adeleye, E. O., Papadopoulos, T., Kovvuri, D., & Geyi, D. A. G. (2019). Agile manufacturing: an evolutionary review of practices. International Journal of Production Research, 57(15-16), 5154-5174.

Guo, H., Ma, H., Guo, W., & Zhang, Y. (2014). Construction and development of green construction and operation management discipline. Journal of Architectural Education in Institutions of Higher Learning, 23(1), 10-14.

Gupta, R., Gregg, M., Manu, S., Vaidya, P., & Dixit, M. (2019). Customized performance evaluation approach for Indian green buildings. Building Research & Information, 47(1), 56-74.

Haslam, C., O’Hara, J., Kazi, A., Twumasi, R., & Haslam, R. (2016). Proactive occupational safety and health management: Promoting good health and good business. Safety Science, 81, 99-108.

Jabbour, C. J. C., & de Sousa Jabbour, A. B. L. (2016). Green human resource management and green supply chain management: Linking two emerging agendas. Journal of Cleaner Production, 112, 1824-1833.

Jabbour, C. J. C., & Santos, F. C. A. (2008). The central role of human resource management in the search for sustainable organizations. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 19(12), 2133-2154.

Jackson, S. E., Renwick, D. W., Jabbour, C. J., & Muller-Camen, M. (2011). State-of-the-art and future directions for green human resource management: Introduction to the special issue. German Journal of Human Resource Management, 25(2), 99-116.

Jones, E., Chonko, L., Rangarajan, D., & Roberts, J. (2007). The role of overload on job attitudes, turnover intentions, and salesperson performance. Journal of Business Research, 60(7), 663-671.

Latash, M. L. (2019). Human movements: Synergies, stability, and agility Biomechanics of Anthropomorphic Systems (pp. 135-154): Springer.

Mandago, R. J. (2018). Influence Of Green Reward And Compensation Practice On Environmental Sustainability In Selected Service Based State Corporations In Kenya. European Journal of Business and Strategic Management, 3(6), 1-12.

Masri, H. A., & Jaaron, A. A. (2017). Assessing green human resources management practices in Palestinian manufacturing context: An empirical study. Journal of Cleaner Production, 143, 474-489.

Massoud, J. A., Daily, B. F., & Bishop, J. W. (2008). Reward for environmental performance: using the Scanlon Plan as catalyst to green organisations. International Journal of Environment, Workplace and Employment, 4(1), 15-31.

McIver, D., Lengnick-Hall, M. L., & Lengnick-Hall, C. A. (2018). A strategic approach to workforce analytics: Integrating science and agility. Business Horizons, 61(3), 397-407.

Mirmohammadsadeghi, S., & Ahmed, S. (2015). Memetic Heuristic Approach for Solving Truck and Trailer Routing Problems with Stochastic Demands and Time Windows. Networks and Spatial Economics, 15(4), 1093-1115. doi:10.1007/s11067-014-9282-2

Mirmohammadsadeghi, S., Ahmed, S., & Nadirah, E. (2014). Application of memetic algorithm to solve truck and trailer routing problems. Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, Bali.

Mousa, S. K., & Othman, M. (2020). The impact of green human resource management practices on sustainable performance in healthcare organisations: A conceptual framework. Journal of Cleaner Production, 243, 118595.

Muduli, A., & Pandya, G. (2018). Psychological empowerment and workforce agility. Psychological Studies, 63(3), 276-285.

Nilashi, M., Mardani, A., Liao, H., Ahmadi, H., Manaf, A. A., & Almukadi, W. J. S. (2019). A hybrid method with TOPSIS and machine learning techniques for sustainable development of green hotels considering online reviews. 11(21), 6013.

Nilashi, M., Rupani, P. F., Rupani, M. M., Kamyab, H., Shao, W., Ahmadi, H., . . . Aljojo, N. J. J. o. C. P. (2019). Measuring sustainability through ecological sustainability and human sustainability: A machine learning approach. 240, 118162.

Opatha, H. H. P., & Arulrajah, A. A. (2014). Green human resource management: Simplified general reflections. International Business Research, 7(8), 101.

Patil, M., & Suresh, M. (2019). Modelling the enablers of workforce agility in IoT projects: A TISM approach. Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management, 20(2), 157-175.

Pinzone, M., Guerci, M., Lettieri, E., & Huisingh, D. (2019). Effects of ‘green’training on pro-environmental behaviors and job satisfaction: evidence from the Italian healthcare sector. Journal of Cleaner Production, 226, 221-232.

Raut, R. D., Gardas, B., Luthra, S., Narkhede, B., & Mangla, S. K. (2020). Analysing green human resource management indicators of automotive service sector. International Journal of Manpower.

Renwick, D. W., Redman, T., & Maguire, S. (2013). Green human resource management: A review and research agenda. International Journal of Management Reviews, 15(1), 1-14.

Roscoe, S., Subramanian, N., Jabbour, C. J., & Chong, T. (2019). Green human resource management and the enablers of green organisational culture: Enhancing a firm's environmental performance for sustainable development. Business Strategy and the Environment, 28(5), 737-749.

Samad, S., Asadi, S., Nilashi, M., Ibrahim, O., Abumalloh, R. A., Abdullah, R. J. J. o. S. C., & Systems, D. S. (2020). Organizational Performance and Adoption of Green IT from the Lens of Resource Based View. 7(2), 1-6.

Sherehiy, B., Karwowski, W., & Layer, J. K. (2007). A review of enterprise agility: Concepts, frameworks, and attributes. International Journal of industrial ergonomics, 37(5), 445-460.

Stahl, G. K., Brewster, C. J., Collings, D. G., & Hajro, A. (2019). Enhancing the role of human resource management in corporate sustainability and social responsibility: A multi-stakeholder, multidimensional approach to HRM. Human Resource Management Review, 100708.

Sulich, A., & Rutkowska, M. (2020). Green jobs, definitional issues, and the employment of young people: An analysis of three European Union countries. Journal of Environmental Management, 262, 110314.

Suryani, A., Soedarso, S., Saifulloh, M., Muhibbin, Z., Wahyuddin, W., Hanoraga, T., . . . Rahmawati, D. (2019). Education for Environmental Sustainability: A Green School Development. IPTEK Journal of Proceedings Series(6), 65-72.

Tang, G., Chen, Y., Jiang, Y., Paillé, P., & Jia, J. (2018). Green human resource management practices: scale development and validity. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 56(1), 31-55.

Tariq, S., Jan, F. A., & Ahmad, M. S. (2016). Green employee empowerment: a systematic literature review on state-of-art in green human resource management. Quality & Quantity, 50(1), 237-269.

Tavana, M., Fallahpour, A., Di Caprio, D., & Santos-Arteaga, F. J. (2016). A hybrid intelligent fuzzy predictive model with simulation for supplier evaluation and selection. Expert Systems with Applications, 61, 129-144. doi:

Tian, G., Zhang, H., Zhou, M., & Li, Z. (2017). AHP, gray correlation, and TOPSIS combined approach to green performance evaluation of design alternatives. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems, 48(7), 1093-1105.

Triki, C., Mirmohammadsadeghi, S., & Piya, S. (2017). Heuristic methods for the periodic Shipper Lane Selection Problem in transportation auctions. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 106, 182-191. doi:

Venugopal, V., & Saleeshya, P. (2019). Manufacturing system sustainability through lean and agile initiatives. International Journal of Sustainable Engineering, 12(3), 159-173.

Wang, C.-H. (2019). How organizational green culture influences green performance and competitive advantage. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.